Friday, November 28, 2008

Making HIV transmission a crime

There was a time when persons living with HIV were treated in somewhat peculiar ways, considering that they had a transmissible, incurable and (before the advent of antiretroviral treatment) invariably fatal disease. Some of the virus' chief modes of transmission -- injection drug use and anal sex -- led swiftly to stigmatization and discrimination towards carrying HIV, and therefore public health agencies, governmental organizations, and advocacy groups stressed the need to protect HIV-positive persons. Initially, when there was no effective treatment, there was no great push to have members of 'at-risk' populations tested: testing (it was argued) would increase stigmatization without real compensating benefits. Whenever testing was done, there was elaborate concern about preserving the confidentiality of the tested person, given the possible social consequences of being outed as HIV-positive. The ethical hand-wringing around HIV testing only started to decline, after two significant biomedical innovations: the development of means to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and the discovery of effective anti-retroviral treatment. It is only recently that public health agencies have used somewhat more aggressive means to get people HIV tested, such as 'opt-out' testing of pregnant women in hospitals. What makes all this peculiar is that transmissible, incurable and fatal diseases generally have not been handled with such delicacy and restraint in the past. Even epidemics of transmissible and curable diseases -- like tuberculosis and syphilis -- led past governments to invoke laws and ordinances strongly limiting personal autonomy for the good of society. From a public health perspective, HIV/AIDS has been treated exceptionally, i.e. there has been a greater stress on personal autonomy and human rights when tackling it than has been typical for diseases of this type and magnitude.

Against this background, an opinion piece and a recent news item caught my eye this week. In the Bioethics Forum, Udo Schuklenk argues that some HIV transmissions ought to be criminalized. The kinds of transmissions he is thinking of are clear-cut cases where a person, who knows he or she is HIV-positive, engages in unsafe sex with his or her partner, and the latter becomes HIV-infected as a direct result. Schuklenk is not worried (rightly) that criminalizing this sort of HIV transmission is stigmatizing or discriminatory to the perpetrator: knowingly exposing another person to HIV infection is just plain wrong, and the general concern about the human rights of HIV-positive persons shouldn't obscure the fact. HIV-positive persons need certain kinds of protection as well as access to prevention, care and treatment -- but they are not above the law.

Compare with this: in the small province of Papua in Indonesia, a bylaw has been proposed to involuntarily implant microchips under the skin of certain HIV-positive persons. Which HIV-positive persons? Those which are deemed 'sexually aggressive', i.e. those who are suspected of knowingly having the disease and actively spreading it intentionally to others. The microchip -- in some science fiction twist -- is supposed to track and identify the suspected person's sexual behavior. The proposed legislation stipulates that those found guilty of infecting others would be liable to a $5000 fine or six months in prison. This approach, of course, is a radical departure from 'AIDS exceptionalism'. The kid gloves are off: Indonesia has a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic, so let privacy be damned.

In some way, these two stories are related. One could say that the Indonesian proposal is merely a matter of being proactive: if intentionally infecting people with HIV is wrong, then we should have accurate tracking systems for 'suspect individuals' in order to control their behavior and prevent infections, as well as faciliate evidence-based judgments of criminal guilt when an infection occurs. But it seems ethically desireable to distinguish (a) criminal punishment of those who knowingly infect others with HIV from (b) invasive surveillance of individuals who allegedly might knowingly infect others with HIV. (a) is an expression of common sense and basic justice, whereas (b) has no clear public health or legal justification, and seems a step towards an Orwellian nightmare.

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4 Comments:

Blogger meenu said...

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7:18 AM  
Blogger apostleshadamishe said...

THE CURE for HIV/AIDS.......AMBUSH

THE IDEA that AMBUSH cures AIDS
is being proven by the more than 400 individuals who have taken a dose of 60 ml three times daily for 21 days. The result is that AMBUSH 'KILLS' the virus by causing the protein envelope to rupture and the viral particles are discarded by the white blood cells. AMBUSH is able to 'KILL' the virus that are 'hiding' in the lymph system by its 'natural radioactive' properties. This process allows the body to 'return to normal health' with a corresponding immunity to that or those strains of the virus.

What is AMBUSH ?
AMBUSH is a radioactive isotope of uranium that is found in the 'palm' plant of which there are more than 3000 species. When ingested, AMBUSH causes the body temperature in the trunk area to rise to about 102 degrees when the individual is sleeping. The preparation takes four hours per batch, which is then given to the individuals for consumption 60 ml three times daily for 21 days. AMBUSH is a herbal preparation in this form but it contains an active ingredient which is a 'NEW' crystalline substance, a drug from the 'palm plant' similarly to ASPIRIN originating from the willow tree bark

RESULTS:
After 21 days on AMBUSH, ALL the individuals experienced a decrease in viral load to undetectable, an increase in cd4, increase in RBC, an improvement in general health such as more color to the face, decrease in Buffalo hump, an increase in gluteal muscles, a decrease to having no joint pains whereby individuals can bend to touch their toes, and walk up steps are but a few examples. There is also a dramatic increase in their sexual appetite beginning after the first week of therapy

DISCUSSION:
In any plant concoction such as percolated 'tea', there are 30-40,000 compounds, whi ch would take the scientific community twenty years to isolate one particular ingredient if they knew what they were looking for. The LORD GOD has given me seven steps to isolate the active ingredient, which is soft and metallic in nature and has a carbon- uranium-sulfur-(classified)-phentolamine configuration or structure. This is similar to Federick Kekule and the discovery of the benzene ring where he dreamt the structure.

As an antiviral and 'natural radioactivity' producing agent, AMBUSH is also effective against leukemia, lupus and HPV. Here I am saying that I have 'GIVEN' AMBUSH in the same 'strength' and dosage to patients with leukemia, lupus and HPV. A 35 year old male with HIV found it difficult to impossible to urinate was put on 'green tea' and water while the doctors contemplated prostrate surgery. One of the doctors gave him my number , I sent him a supply of AMBUSH an d he has not been given any more ARV's, since taking AMBUSH 18 months ago, is in 'good' health and has expressed a willingness to be examined by HIV investigators like many others who have taken AMBUSH.

I have sent this 'IDEA' to most HIV research agencies, scientist of the field, universities, hospitals, clinics, politicians and news agencies to which it is REJECTED because the name of THE LORD GOD is mentioned. He has steered me scientifically through the processes such as which plant and how to produce the active ingredient. What are the odds of a Florida Pharmacist picking a plant would contain the CURE for HIV/AIDS ?
I have never charged any of the people for their supply of AMBUSH but a life saving has been spent on the project with NO renumeration from any sources because AMBUSH falls outside the walls of modern medicine and research.

PROPOSAL:

My proposal is that I PROVE that AMBUSH CURES HIV/AIDS by giving it to a number of END-STAGE or DRUG-RESISTANT people and the scientific community watches their recovery. This proposal addresses the problem in that I have already outlaid the results to be obtained.

This IDEA is unconventional in that the scientific community has rejected AMBUSH because I say it is GOD given. Secondly if I wrote it according to certain standards, then it might be peer reviewed. However, THE LORD GOD has also shown me that there are five enzyme systems associated with the virus, reverse transcriptase, protease, fusion and two more of which causes the virus to be AIRBOURNE. This means that without DIVINE intervention mankind and ALL warm- blooded mammals will be extinct in a number of years.

The PROOF of what I am saying is found in scientific papers wherein it is found that when the protease cuts the viral strands, it cuts it at DIFFERENT lengths EVERY time, to which it should always be a valine at the end but is a different amino acid every time. This is why it is IMPOSSIBLE to produce a VACCINE.

Since this is NOT a hypothesis but there are about 400 individuals who have taken AMBUSH, here lies a vast area in which to check, recheck and confirm that AMBUSH CURES AIDS. Let it be mentioned that during the HIV reproductive cycle, reverse transcriptase converts viral RNA into DNA compatible to human genetic materials. Thus the human DNA has been 'hijacked' and since each person has a DIFFERENT DNA, then the new viral copy is unique to that person which shows that each individual has a DIFFERENT STRAIN of the virus. Consider two HIV positive people swapping viral strains and increasing its complexity with multiple partners.
It can also be proposed that they be revisited as proof that the strain or strains that they had were 'killed' at the time of taking AMBUSH considering that a person can catch as many different strains as there are people who are infected by HIV.
I am also willing to work with the scientific community in identifying those individuals who took AMBUSH and wish to be identified with this process notwithstanding that some are stigmatized while others are jubilant,

Once AMBUSH is verified as being able to accomplish that which is aforementioned then the next stage might be the natural and artificial synthesis of the substance.

Finally, if this is accepted or not, believed or not, THE LORD GOD always wins and this is the heavenly truth to which AMBUSH was divinely given to mankind for the CURE of HIV/AIDS and it will be here forever. Apostle Shada Mishe.

apostleshadamishe@gmail.com

Here is a video taped presentation that I gave at t he Martin Luther King library in Washington

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8V53D1w__Po
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPwuwlVBOV0
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZejptOwMTzQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqcTgIAhrhc
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7HPKcT_iwY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W9iQfgiYAnw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3RzRS6tJDM

9:54 PM  
Blogger Anna said...

There is a willful murder and a manslaughter...Clenbuterol

8:55 AM  
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4:11 AM  

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